Throughout the Cold War, Africa was a theater for superpower rivalry. That the US and the Soviet Union used countries in sub-Saharan Africa to their own advantage is well-known. Sub-Saharan countries also exploited Cold War hostilities in turn. But what role did countries in North Africa play? This book offers an international history of US-Algerian relations at the height of the Cold War. The Algerian president, Houari Boumedience, actively adjusted Algeria's foreign policy to promote the country's national development, pursuing its own commitment to non-alignment and 'Third World' leadership. Algeria's foreign policy was directly opposed to that of the US on major issues such as the Arab-Israeli conflict and Western Sahara conflict, and the Algerian government was avowedly socialist. Yet, as this book outlines, Algeria was able to negotiate a position for itself between the US and the Soviet bloc, winning support from both and becoming a key actor in international affairs. Based on materials from recently opened archives, this book sheds new light on the importance of Boumedience's era in Algeria and will be an essential resource for historians and political scientists alike--back cover.